Archeology The first careful reports on the antiquities of Afghanistan were provided by 19th-century travelers, including the horse dealer W. Already in the Hungarian homeopath and gunpowder-maker in the Sikh service, M. Honigberger, cut into Buddhist stupas in search of treasure thought to be included with the reliquaries. These activities were reported by E. Masson was officially employed by the East India Company to collect antiquities in Afghanistan. Scientific exploration in Afghanistan began after September, , when A. Foucher signed, on behalf of the French government, a diplomatic treaty with Afghanistan. French research concentrated on pinpointing evidence for the spread of Hellenism, tracing the silk route, and studying the relationship of Gandharan art to the Buddhist art of the Afghan area.
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An analysis of the texts revealed that they were owned by a Jewish family that lived along the ancient Silk Road about 1, years ago. The family that owned the manuscripts was headed by Abu Ben Daniel from the northern Afghan city of Bamyan. For many centuries, this area was famous for the giant Buddha statues, built in the 6 th century, and tragically destroyed by the Taliban in Bamyan Valley, Afghanistan public domain According to Russia Today , the collection was purchased by Israeli antiquities dealer Lenny Wolfe, who lives and trades in Jerusalem.
He came across the collection a few years ago, and in he purchased 29 of the documents. They appeared to him as a part of the ”Afghan Genizah”, a reference to the collection of , Jewish manuscript fragments discovered in a synagogue storeroom in Egypt. The ” Cairo Genizah ” was found in the 19 th century and, next to the Dead Sea Scrolls, is one of the most precious collections of ancient manuscripts.
Wolfe then purchased other manuscripts in the collection six months ago. When he brought them to Israel, he gave permission to the National Library to study them. A genizah is a storage area in a Jewish synagogue or cemetery designated for the temporary storage of worn-out Hebrew-language books and papers on religious topics prior to proper cemetery burial.
The above image is a possible geniza at Masada, eastern Israel public domain According to experts who analyzed the documents, the manuscripts were originally buried in a cave around a 1, years ago by the owners. They contain only text and no illustrations, and had been hidden in a cache consisting a mixture of legal and commercial manuscripts and sacred and personal letters. Some poems had been recovered too.
The researcher from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Ofir Haim, believes that the documents contain fascinating information, which allow the exploration of the lives of the Jewish community in Afghanistan of the time, such as how they lived, worked, and functioned as a family.
By Colleen Crawford , In Dating Having a relationship with someone is important in all cultures, however the process of dating is different according to countries. Thus, culture affects the way people date, suggesting various kinds of dates from heavily supervised meetings to evenings spent at the movies. Dating is seen as both a complex and simple matter, the difference between the Western world and other civilizations making it very intriguing as some dating rituals are extremely liberal, some are less free of constraints, while others are cut down to old fashioned gatherings, or are even illegal.
Dating Customs on Various Continents Dating in Australia for example is illustrated by teens going out in large groups without really forming couples until they reach 18 or 19 years of age. Here, it is not the boys who often make the first step of asking girls to go on a date with them, rather the girls take this part and they also take the responsibility of paying for the date.
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Opt out or contact us anytime The mineral deposits are scattered throughout the country, including in the southern and eastern regions along the border with Pakistan that have had some of the most intense combat in the American-led war against the Taliban insurgency. The Pentagon task force has already started trying to help the Afghans set up a system to deal with mineral development. International accounting firms that have expertise in mining contracts have been hired to consult with the Afghan Ministry of Mines, and technical data is being prepared to turn over to multinational mining companies and other potential foreign investors.
The Pentagon is helping Afghan officials arrange to start seeking bids on mineral rights by next fall, officials said. Advertisement Continue reading the main story In , American geologists, sent to Afghanistan as part of a broader reconstruction effort, stumbled across an intriguing series of old charts and data at the library of the Afghan Geological Survey in Kabul that hinted at major mineral deposits in the country. They soon learned that the data had been collected by Soviet mining experts during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the s, but cast aside when the Soviets withdrew in
Nearly One Hundred 1,000-Year-Old Mysterious Manuscripts Discovered in Afghanistan
Rajasthan Culture Rajasthan Culture Rajasthan has a central place in enriching the Indian culture as a whole. The land of princes is an enigmatic state where tradition and history blend with contemporary lifestyle. The culture of the state is a result of its year old history and the varied topography of the desert land.
Russian culture has a long claims a long tradition of dividend in many aspects of the arts, especially when it comes to literature, folk dancing, philosophy, classical music, traditional folk music, ballet, architecture, painting, cinema, animation and politics, which all had considerable influence on world country also has a flavorful material culture and a.
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In far northern Pakistan the Hindu Kush branches off southwestward from the nodal orogenic uplift known as the Pamir Knot. The ridges of the Hindu Kush generally trend from northeast to southwest, while those of the Karakorams run in… Physical features The eastern limit of the Hindu Kush is difficult to determine because of a locally complex topography , although the Karambar Pass 14, feet [4, metres] between the valleys of the Konar called the Kunar or Chitral in Pakistan and Gilgit rivers may be tentatively accepted as the boundary.
The western limit also is uncertain, as the mountains lose height and fan out into minor ranges in Afghanistan. Geologists, however, consider the Hindu Kush range to extend much farther west to the Iranian border. Physiography The Hindu Kush may be divided into three main sections: Farther to the west the main ridge rises rapidly to Baba Tangi 21, feet [6, metres] and becomes rugged, after which, within the space of about miles km , are concentrated the highest mountains of the entire region—about two dozen summits of more than 23, feet 7, metres in elevation.
The name Afghānistān (Pashto: افغانستان ) is believed to be as old as the ethnonym Afghan, which is documented in the 10th-century geography book Hudud ul-‘ root name “Afghan” was used historically in reference to a member of the ethnic Pashtuns, and the suffix “-stan” means “place of” in ore, Afghanistan translates to land of the Afghans or, more.
Sophia Lierenfeld didn’t set out to give dating advice to Syrian refugees. Assimilation is a big issue in German politics these days. Her self-funded workshop, Improv Without Borders , gathers weekly to let Europeans and refugees do improvisational theater together. On a recent Thursday afternoon, about a dozen men and women from Afghanistan, Syria, France, Germany and elsewhere milled about awkwardly while Lierenfeld waltzed among them and gave out hugs.
After some warmup games, they broke off into groups to perform skits. A big part of improv involves trying on new versions of oneself — an activity that, in their regular lives, can come with high stakes.
It was a base of action for many rulers of India, notably the Mughals. The modern nation emerged during the eighteenth century by Pashtun tribes in reaction to the decline of the Persian and Indian empires. During the nineteenth century, Afghanistan struggled successfully against the colonial powers and served as a buffer state between Russia and British India. The three Anglo-Afghan wars — ; — ; could have forged a national feeling, but the country’s history has been dominated by internal conflicts.
The first half of the nineteenth century was marked by a feud between two branches of the Durrani Pashtuns, with the Mohammadzay eventually succeeding and ruling until
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Nowhere else on earth will one find a culture so dynamic with a rich blend of Jamaican roots that have inhabited the island for ages. Jamaican art and culture is a mixture of many ethnicities that have landed on the island’s shores over the past several centuries. The roots of the art and culture of Jamaica was first brought by the Spanish and British settlers and then the West African slaves as did Chinese and Indian immigrants who came to the island as indentured workers. The official language of Jamaica is English.
Though in rural areas Patois or Creole, a combination of English and some African languages, is widely spoken. Even English is heavily spiced with local idioms and Elizabethan usage with its own distinctive rhythmic and a melodic quality. In spite of Patois being understood by most Jamaicans which is also increasingly used in urban areas, it’s not the written language of the Jamaican people.
The largest religious group in Jamaica is Christianity. It’s said that almost every musician in Jamaica has learned his or her craft in the Christian churches of Jamaica. The Rastafari came into prominence in the s and is the most prominent non-Christian religion on the island.
The taller Buddha of Bamiyan. Buddhism was widespread before the Islamic conquest of Afghanistan. Archaeological exploration done in the 20th century suggests that the geographical area of Afghanistan has been closely connected by culture and trade with its neighbors to the east, west, and north. Artifacts typical of the Paleolithic , Mesolithic , Neolithic , Bronze , and Iron ages have been found in Afghanistan.
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Culture News Modern war poetry: British soldiers explore Afghanistan and Iraq wars in verse A new generation of war poets is providing powerful insight into ongoing conflicts by putting their vivid impressions into words. Sean Rayment and Michael Howie report. The celebrated First World War poets — Wilfred Owen, Siegfried Sassoon, Rupert Brooke — memorably used cathartic verse to illustrate the futility of a conflict that saw a generation of young men perish. Yet war poetry offers much to the reader, too.
Britain has been at war for eight years now, yet there has been precious little in the way of published verse. This was one of the motivations behind Injured: Related Articles War Poetry: Haddock of mass destruction 17 Apr The book, due out in time for Remembrance Sunday, is the brainchild of Captain John Jeffcock, a poet and former Coldstream Guards officer.
The poems are very honest, they are blunt. The regiment became the 2nd Battalion The Duke of Lancaster’s in His career has seen him on numerous tours of Northern Ireland and two tours of Iraq. He is married to Jackie and will be leaving the Army in a few weeks. I was in Iraq on Operation Telic 9 in and it was a very difficult tour at that time in Basra.
Daily news It started with exchanging winks, emails, phones dates, It started with a wink!! And then e-mails and then phone calls. We got on so well we just had to meet, even though I lived in the north of England and Sian lived in South Wales, a spark had been lit and distance was not going to prevent us from meeting.
Hindu Kush, great mountain system of Central y defined, it is some miles ( km) long and as wide as miles ( km). The Hindu Kush is one of the great watersheds of Central Asia, forming part of the vast Alpine zone that stretches across Eurasia from east to west.
Citadel of Herat Excavations of prehistoric sites by Louis Dupree and others suggest that humans were living in what is now Afghanistan at least 50, years ago, and that farming communities in the area were among the earliest in the world. An important site of early historical activities, many believe that Afghanistan compares to Egypt in terms of the historical value of its archaeological sites. It has been home to various peoples through the ages, among them the ancient Iranian peoples who established the dominant role of Indo-Iranian languages in the region.
At multiple points, the land has been incorporated within large regional empires, among them the Achaemenid Empire , the Macedonian Empire , the Indian Maurya Empire , and the Islamic Empire. Pre-Islamic period of Afghanistan Bilingual Greek and Aramaic edict by Emperor Ashoka from the 3rd century BCE discovered in the southern city of Kandahar Archaeological exploration done in the 20th century suggests that the geographical area of Afghanistan has been closely connected by culture and trade with its neighbors to the east, west, and north.
Artifacts typical of the Paleolithic , Mesolithic , Neolithic , Bronze , and Iron ages have been found in Afghanistan.
U.S. Identifies Vast Mineral Riches in Afghanistan
Bolivia has the highest proportion of indigenous peoples of any country in South America. It is also the poorest country on the continent. Bolivia was colonized by Spain. The Aymara faced great hardships under Spanish colonial rule.
Afghanistan Dating is rare in Afghanistan because most marriages are arranged by parents, and schools are separate for boys and girls. The opportunities to meet are rare.
The tallest Buddha figure in the world, 55m; ft; created in the 3rd century A. The decree was issued as a team of western diplomats is visiting the Afghan capital to check reports that senior Taliban officials destroyed over a dozen pre-Islamic artefacts in the national museum. Media reports have said zealous officials among the ruling Islamic militia recently destroyed several ancient relics in Kabul Museum, including an exquisite and priceless Buddha statue dating back some 2, years.
Taliban officials have categorically denied the reports but have refused journalists’ requests to visit the museum. The team includes the ambassadors to neighbouring Pakistan from Greece and Italy, the French charge d’affaires for Afghanistan, plus members of the Islamabad-based Society for the Preservation of Afghanistan’s Cultural Heritage. But the source said the envoys were denied immediate access to the museum. He called these reports baseless propaganda and said he would ask the higher authorities for permission to visit the museum ,” the team member said.
Taliban supreme leader Mulla Mohammad Omar has issued several decrees to protect non-Islamic artefacts, which have in the past been targeted by the militia’s zealous commanders. However there is concern that some hardline officials still see the relics as idols which are forbidden under Islamic law. Kabul museum has been closed to the public since after most of its unique collection was looted during factional fighting between Afghan warlords.
The Taliban, or movement of religious students, seized Kabul in and have imposed a very strict version of Sharia law. Afghan militia leader AFP, Feb.